Appellations and Grapes


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    France can certainly be considered the progenitor (together with Italy), at a world level, as regards quality wine production: each of its regions is considered a model to follow and, often, to imitate. The variety of grapes, of the territories, but above all the wine culture on which the French have always been based, really makes the difference over other nations, even if they have a long history and wine experience. Viticulture in France is currently widespread in almost all of the national territory; only Spain and Italy have a greater surface area cultivated with vines and there are around ten areas of very high quality production, all well limited in certain geographical areas. The cultivated grape varieties are widespread and recurring throughout the French territory and, due to their versatility, well known and used all over the world. For example, Burgundy is famous for Pinot Noir and Chardonnay; Bordeaux for its famous Bordeaux blend, namely Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon; the Loire Valley for Sauvignon Blanc and Alsace for Riesling and Gewürztraminer. But, in reality, the success of French wines is not dictated only by the grapes used: the territory and the climate are 2 other fundamental factors of success which, combined with a centuries-old experience oriented towards the quality of raw materials and procedures, have contributed, substantially, to the success of French enology. Here are the most prestigious regions. Alsace: this region, which is located in the north-eastern part of France, on the border with Germany, mainly produces very great white wines, very long-lived, of which the most representative and famous certainly is Gewürztraminer. Bordeaux is the largest area with a designation of origin, as well as being among the most famous. It is located in the western part of France and enjoys a particularly temperate climate, close to the Atlantic. A famous and important appellation area of Bordeaux (among others) is Sauternes/Barsac, famous for its sweet and complex dessert wines, produced with grapes affected by noble rot (Botrytis Cinerea). We cannot forget to mention the famous red "Bordeaux cut". In Burgundy, which is found in the central part of France, are being produced both white wines and red wines, both very refined and celebrated all over the world; Pino Nero and Chardonnay above all. Champagne: this area, which certainly needs no introduction, exclusively produces sparkling wines with the Méthode Champenoise, famous in practically every corner of the world. It is located in the north-east, in an area geologically perfect for sparkling wine. The Loire Valley is instead the undisputed homeland of Sauvignon Blanc. The area is located in the north and extends from the Atlantic Ocean to the hinterland of the country. Lastly, we cannot fail to mention Provence, in the south of France, which is mainly famous for the production of elegant and fragrant rose wines. In short, a vast production and waiting to be discovered!

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